Successful Test of JL-3 nuclear SLBM

Yomiuri Shimbun disclosed that a few days ago, a PLA nuclear submarine successfully launched a JL-3 SLBM that is regarded as the strongest strategic missile and hit a target at a desert in Xinjiang.

JL-3 is China’s third-generation submarine launched ICBM with a range exceeding 10,000 km. It can carry one or several warheads and is expected to be deployed in Type 096 nuclear submarines.

JL-3 uses a Changzheng-2F carrier rocket with reduced size. The the rocket has its booster removed but has been installed in addition with warheads and solid fuel.

Its range is 5,000 km longer than JL-2 (can reach 20,000 km to hit the remotest target in the world). It carries 5 to 7 350,000-ton nuclear warheads, each of which can strike a different target.

Analysts of US Navy Times believe that if JL-3s are deployed in China’s new generation of nuclear submarine, the entire United States will be within the range of the missiles no matter where they are.

This enables China to have the capacity of multiple nuclear strikes after being hit by its enemy as long as some of its submarines have survived.

A Russian military expert believes that the launch of a JL-3 SLCM proves that China’s nuclear deterrence has been upgraded from tactic to strategic level. China has integrated the technology of new submarines and new missiles to meet the requirements of actual war.


Type 081 Amphibious Assault Ship

Type 081 Amphibious Assault Ship

The Type 081, called the Xisha class in China, is a family of large amphibious warfare vessels designed to support efforts to create a blue water navy. Upon completion, it will be the largest such vessels operated by an Asian country, larger even than the Korean Dokdo. According to USN hull codes, it is a landing helicopter dock (LHD), placing it in the same class as vessels such as the Mistral and Juan Carlos I.

Essentially a light aircraft carrier masquerading as a helicopter destroyer in Japanese parlance, the Xisha is intended to be a larger and more capable version of the Yuzhao (Type 071) class. While the Yuzhao is limited to four helicopters, and typically only carries two, the Xisha will have the capacity to support eighteen. While the Yuzhao can only carry 20 armored vehicles under ideal conditions, the Xisha will carry at least 40 — and it will carry substantially more unarmored vehicles. It will also carry four Jingsah II class hovercraft, as many as the Type 071, and more than most comparable foreign vessels.

As with the larger LHDs operated by foreign forces, the Xisha will have the capability to deploy VTOL-capable fighters. Additionally, it is expected that any future STOVL aircraft prove compatible with the design. The design, however, is not compatible with STOL aircraft, and would require the addition of a ski jump to function.

In terms of size, the Xisha will be the largest LHD operated outside of the United States. It will possess the same length as the Japanese “helicopter destroyer” while simultaneously being significantly heavier. It will also possess substantially increased payload relative to vessels like the Dokdo, which weigh substantially less.

Specifications ;

  • Displacement: 25,000 tonnes empty, 32,500 tonnes full
  • Length: 250m
  • Beam: 34m
  • Draught: 7m
  • Propulsion: CODAG
  • Speed: 18kt (cruise), 32kt (full), 36kt (flank)
  • Range: 9,000 nautical miles at 18 knots
  • Boats and landing craft carried: 4x Jingsah II class LCAC or 12x Yupen class LCM
  • Capacity: 1,250 embarked infantry with up to 48 amphibious armored vehicles (ie, ZBD-05 family)
  • Complement: 450 (incl. 180 air crew)
  • Armament:
    – 4x Type 1030 CIWS
    – 2x 18-cell FL-3000N (36 ready-to-fire missiles, 108 total)
  • Aircraft carried: 48 helicopter tokens




Type 719 Coast Guard (CCG) Cutter

Type 719 Coast Guard (CCG) Cutter

The Type 719 Cutter is the direct successor to the Type 718 Cutter, a design which has produced a single ship.

It is an attempt to create a modern, cost-effective coast guard vessel for both domestic use and the export market.

The Type 719 Cutter, tentatively dubbed the Xiamen class, is physically similar to the Type 718.

It is slightly larger, a good deal heavier, and boasts substantially increased armament intended to give the ship the ship a better defensive capacity.

The entire vessel has been lengthened by some 8 meters, the engines have been replaced, the armament has been replaced, the helipad has been reinforced to address some structural concerns over the vessel’s operating lifetime, and the inclusion of improved communications and navigation equipment.

The Xiamen class will also feature two high-speed boats and a hangar for its helipad.

Specifications ;

  • Length: 108m
  • Beam: 14m
  • Draft: 4.5m
  • Displacement: 1,750 tonnes
  • Propulsion: CODAG
  • Maximum Range: 7,500nm
  • Cruising Speed: 12kt
  • Maximum Speed: 24kt
  • Typical Crew: 104 (incl. 15 officers), up to 16 embarked marine infantry
  • Armament
    – 1x Type 61 25mm autocannons (2×1)
    – 2x Type 85 14.5mm HMG
    – 2x Type 87 6-tubed ASW mortar
    – MANPADS, small arms
  • Aviation Facilities: Helipad and hangar (one helicopter token)

JL-11 Hengte (Hunter)

The Hengte is an aircraft that has been designed as a multi-mission,all weather, day/night aircraft that is able to operate from roughfield and unprepared sites with a minimum of ground support.

The Hengte is capable of preforming COIN, CAS, and reconnaissance missions and is being targeted for the export market.

The Hengte is a smaller and lighter version of many similar COIN aircraft. The Hengte’s STOL capabilities and short wingspan combined with a powerful Dongan WJ7K or WJ9K engine and six bladed propeller, allow the Hengte to take off or land, from an expedient forward airbase ,in 152m (500 ft.) or less.

Some of the Hengte’s unique characteristics that set it apart from other COIN aircraft are first, The Hengte has both greater range and speed, Secondly, the Hengte’s shortened wingspan allows the aircraft to operate from small clearings that have little lateral clearance. Third, the Hengte’s unique six-bladed composite propellers are shaped to provide additional thrust in the takeoff and low airspeed range while using the current Dongan WJ7K or WJ9K engines. Fourth, the Hengte is equipped with reinforced landing gear and a wide nose wheel tire, so that it is capable of operating from grassy or unimproved dirt airfields.

And last, the Hengte comes equipped with a small Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) that can be used as a source of power to start the aircraft’s engine and power up the avionics and hydraulic systems during rough-field operations when no other source of power may be available.

The Hengte has 2 unique missiles that it can be equipped with. First is the TY-90, The TY-90 was initially developed specifically as an air-to-air anti-helicopter missile when it was discovered that MANPADS missiles that were adapted for use by helicopters and light aircraft preformed inadequately in combat with kill rates of less than 40% in some cases.

The TY-90 has been designed to destroy or disable a helicopter with one shot. The TY-90s heavier warhead and improved guidance system achieves kill rates of 80% or greater.

The second missile is the HJ-10, which comes in 2 versions.The first version is the HJ-10. The HJ-10 version is the ATGM version and comes with two types of warheads,tandem-charge, which is used to defeat reactive armor, and top-attack.

The second version is the AKD-10. The AKD-10 is used to kill soft targets,which represent 70% of the targets on the modern battlefield.Both versions have a range of 10 km+ and have a variety of seeker heads to include ImIR, semi-active laser homing, TV and MMW ARH

Specifications ;
Crew: 2 (tandem cockpit)
Length: 11m (35 ft.)
Wingspan: 9 m (30 ft.)
Height: 3.35 m (11 ft.)
Empty weight: 2721 kg (6,000 lbs.)
Maximum take-off weight: 3855 kg (8,500 lbs)

Power plant: Dongan WJ7K 1,268 (1700 hp)
Maximum speed: 620 km/h (385 mph)
Cruise speed: 520 km/h (323 mph)
Range: 1,610 km (1,000 miles)
Combat radius: 725 km (450 miles) w/952 kg (2100 lbs) of external stores
Endurance/Loiter: 8.5 hrs (10 hr.with auxiliary/drop fuel tanks)
Ferry range: 3,219 km (2,000 miles)
Service ceiling: 10,668 m (35,000 ft.)

Internal: x2 wing mounted 12.7 mm machine guns w/1200 rounds each
External: x1 20 mm cannon (center mount pod (hardpoint 2) below fuselage

TY-90 (1 per wingtip rail or pod of 4 mounted on a hardpoint)
HJ-10 ATGM (4 per pod)
AKD-10 (soft targets) 4 per pod

Rockets: Rocket warheads (all sizes) include HE-Frag, HEAT, Smoke, and Incendiary warheads
57 mm
Tubes per pod: x8, x16, x32
80 mm
Tubes per pod: x7 x20
90 mm
Tubes per pod: x7 x15

Hard Points: x3 (can be used to mount Pods (all) or Auxiliary/Drop fuel tanks (hardpoints 1 and 3 only)
Centerline fuselage: x1 (hardpoint 2)
Wing: x2 (hard points 1, 3) wet plumbed
Hardpoint rating: All hardpoints rated 317 kg (700 lbs)

Wing tip mounts: x2
Missile: x1 TY-90 mounted on a wingtip rail
Tip tank:152 liters (40 US gal) each

Auxiliary/Drop fuel tank 379 liters (100 US gal) can only be mounted to hardpoints 1 and 3
Countermeasures: chaff, flares
FLIR (mounted in nose of aircraft)
Targeting pod

Composite Armour: (cockpit only)
WJ9K 1566 kw (2100 hp) engine (recomennded for aircraft with composite armour)

4th-generation Submarine with Magnetic Fluid Water Jet Propulsion

Type 095 nuclear attack submarine

Dr. John, NSL (Navy Submarine League) Asian navy development advisor said that China has so far begun development of a new naval active/passive torpedo confrontation system (NAPTC) similar to that used by German Type 214 submarine.

There is now information that proves that the technology possibly comes from German navy. It should be a certain kind of transaction in private between German and Chinese militaries unknown to German Chancellor Angela Merkel. As it runs against her China policy, she might have been infuriated if she had known that.

An official of China’s navy research institute has recently said, “China is drawing up a plan for its fourth-generation conventional submarine, which will use magnetic fluid water jet propulsion technology. It is a technology that Europe has just begun initial application.

That indicates that China has begun to follow more closely the trend of international submarine design. However, that being the case, US navy will face new ordeal.

According to Dr. John, it is the first time that PLA new submarine will use European advanced submarine technology of equivalent model. It proves that they are improving their capability in designing and manufacturing submarine at flying speed.

He said: “Not long ago, Chinese navy bought from Russia a number of submarine launched anti-ship cruise missile to be used by their Yuan-class and improved Song-class submarines. But the missiles are used for tests mainly in their Yuan-class submarines.

Using magnetic fluid water jet propulsion will greatly enhance their submarines’ ability to survive underwater and resist anti-submarine detection. At present, China is able to reduce to the minimum the probability of being detected for their Song-class submarines. An entirely new Yuan-class submarine can hardly be detected. Their third-generation submarines can be used in deeper water and are undetectable.

He said he was shocked when he heard Chinese expert’s briefing on the technology at NSL’s International Submarine Technology Research and Development Symposium.

Due to the weapon export embargo implemented by the EU against China, he personally believes that China has the technology on its own due entirely to its own invention and creation.

Source: “German helps Chinese navy build fourth-generation submarine: Merkel might be infuriated”

Secret Nuclear Submarine Base in Sanya, South China Sea

A nuclear submarine at Sanya base


In early February, a web user took photo of three new-type strategic nuclear submarines berthing at Yalong Bay South Fleet Base, Sanya. Judging by their appearance, they may be China’s newest type of Type 094 nuclear submarines. However, it remains a mystery how many new-type strategic nuclear submarines China has.


According to US navy intelligence, China has built Asia’s largest nuclear submarine base at Sanya, HainanProvince. PLA has deployed there its newest nuclear submarines armed with JL-2 SLBMs with range exceeding 8,000km.


US navy has obtained the information through analysis of data collected by military satellites, the frequent appearance of three PLA nuclear submarines in the area near Sanya and the cruise route of submarines.


In addition, US military intelligence has affirmed information that there is a secret supporting missile storage facility near Chinese navy’s secret base in Sanya. Previously, British Jane’s Defense Review also published a report that US satellites had proved that China completed the construction of a secret military base in Sanya, Hainan ten years ago.


Source: “China secretly building a nuclear submarine base in South China Sea as its nuclear strike base”

C-919 and ARJ-21 to Grab Airliner Market from Boeing and Airbus by 2016

Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China’s C-919 airliner in display at Singapore Airshow 2014. Photo by Yue Shuhua, credit: China Aviation News

C-919 is a 190-seat large airliner designed and made by China to grab a market share on the lucrative airliner market in the world. It is expected to have maiden flight in 2014 and be delivered in 2016. By September 9, 2012, orders for 330 C-919s had been received.

Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China’s ARJ-21 executive jet in display at Singapore Airshow 2014. Photo by Yue Shuhua, credit: China Aviation News